History (HIST)

Associate Professors: Chandler (Chairperson), Silkey
Assistant Professors: Pearl
Instructor: Seddelmeyer

A major consists of 10 courses, including HIST 115, 116, 449 and at least one from 401, 402, 403, or 404.  At least seven courses must be taken in the department, three of which must be numbered 300 or above.  In addition, majors are required to successfully complete at least three semesters of History Colloquium from HIST 248, 348 and 448. The following courses may be counted toward fulfilling the major requirements: AMST 200, ECON 236, PSCI 140 and 369, REL 226 and 328. Other appropriate courses outside the department may be counted upon departmental approval. For history majors who student teach in history, the major consists of nine courses. In addition to the courses listed below, special courses, independent study, and honors are available. History majors are also encouraged to participate in the internship program.

Students interested in teacher certification should refer to the Department of Education listing.

The following courses satisfy the cultural diversity requirement: HIST 120, 140, 230, 232, 238, 240, 246, 325, 338, and 342. The following courses, when scheduled as W courses, count toward the writing intensive requirement: HIST 215, 218, 230, 233, 338, 401, 402, 403, 404 and 449.

Minor

Three minors are offered by the Department of History. The following courses are required to complete a minor in American history: HIST 125, 126, and three courses in American history numbered 200 and above (HIST 120 and/or 325 may be substituted.) A minor in European history requires the completion of HIST 115, 116 and three courses in European history numbered 200 and above. To obtain a minor in History (without national or geographical designation), a student must complete six courses in history, of which three must be chosen from HIST 115, 116, 125, and 126 and three must be history courses numbered 200 and above.

115
WESTERN CIVILIZATION I
A survey of the major developments in the history of Western Civilization from its roots in the Ancient Near East to the era of the Renaissance. The course considers the political, social and cultural aspects of Mesopotamia, Egypt, the ancient Hebrews, Greece, Rome, and Western Europe. Byzantine and Islamic civilizations are studied to provide a wider scope for comparison.

116
WESTERN CIVILIZATION II
A survey of the major developments in the history of Western Civilization from the era of the Renaissance to the present. The course focuses on the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural aspects of European history and how Europe interacted with the rest of the world.

120
LATIN AMERICAN HISTORY
An examination of the native civilization, the age of discovery and conquest, Spanish colonial policy, the independence movements, and the development of modern institutions and governments in Latin America. Alternate years.

125
UNITED STATES HISTORY 1601-1877
A study of the people, measures, and movements which have been significant in the development of the United States between 1607 and 1877. Attention is paid to the problems of minority groups as well as to majority and national influences.

126
UNITED STATES HISTORY 1877- PRESENT
A study of people, measures, and movements which have been significant in the development of the United States since 1877. Attention is paid to the problems of minority groups as well as to majority and national influences.

140
SURVEY OF ASIAN HISTORY
A comprehensive overview of Asian history with emphasis on those Pacific Rim countries which have greatest current impact on political and economic development in the United States. Alternate Years.

210
ANCIENT HISTORY
A study of the ancient western world, including the foundations of the western tradition in Greece, the emergence and expansion of the Roman state, its experience as a republic, and its transformation into the Empire. The course focuses on the social and intellectual life of Greece and Rome as well as political and economic changes.

212
MEDIEVAL EUROPE AND ITS NEIGHBORS
The history of Europe from the dissolution of the Roman Empire to the mid-15th century. The course deals with the growing estrangement of western Catholic Europe from Byzantium and Islam, culminating in the Crusades; the rise of the Islamic Empire and its later fragmentation; the development and growth of feudalism; the conflict of empire and papacy, and the rise of the towns. Alternate years.

215
CONFLICT IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION
An in-depth study of the changing nature of war and its relationship to the development of Western Civilization since the end of the Middle Ages. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of war in the development of the modern nation state and the origins and nature of total war. Alternate years.

218
EUROPE IN THE ERA OF THE WORLD WARS
An intensive study of the political, economic, social, and cultural history of Europe from 1900-1945. Topics include the rise of irrationalism, the origins of the First World War, the Communist and Fascist Revolutions, and the attempts to preserve peace before 1939. Prerequisite: HIST 116 or consent of instructor. Alternate years.

219
CONTEMPORARY EUROPE
An intensive study of the political, economic, social, and cultural history of Europe since 1945.  Topics include the post-war economic recovery of Europe, the Sovietization of Eastern Europe, the origins of the Cold War, decolonization, the flowering of the welfare state, the steps leading to the formation of the European Union, and the collapse of the Soviet Empire. Prerequisite: HIST 116 or consent of instructor.

226
COLONIAL AMERICA AND THE REVOLUTIONARY ERA
The establishment of British settlements on the American continent, their history as colonies, the causes and events of the American Revolution, the critical period following independence, and proposal and adoption of the United States Constitution. Alternate years.

230
AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY
A study of the experiences and participation of African Americans in the United States. The course includes historical experiences such as slavery, abolition, reconstruction, and urbanization. It also raises the issue of the development and growth of white racism, and the effect of this racism on contemporary Afro-American social, intellectual, and political life. Alternate years.

232
THE RISE OF ISLAM
A survey of the history of Islam in the Middle East, illuminating the foundation of the religion and its spread in the seventh and eighth centuries, the development of a high civilization thereafter, and the subsequent changes in political and social structures over time. Muslim interactions with Christian and Jews are included, but the emphasis of the course is to understand the history of Islamic civilization in its own right. The course ends with a consideration of recent crises in the Middle East and their roots in modern history.

233
CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION
An intensive study of the political, economic, social, cultural as well as military history of the United States in the Civil War era. Topics include the rise of sectional tensions leading up to the secession crisis in 1860, the extent to which the war can be considered the first modern war, the mobilization of the home fronts to support the war effort, the impact of the war on specific groups such as women and African-Americans, and the failed effort to “reconstruct” the South.

238
CIVIL RIGHTS REVOLUTION
This course explores the African American struggle for equality and the overthrow of American segregation. Although focusing primarily on the battle over legal segregation in the South, the course also examines topics such as northern race relations, Martin Luther King and his critics, the rise of the Black Power movement, and white backlash politics. Alternate years.

240
MODERN CHINA
This course explores the social, political and cultural changes in China since the early 19th Century. Particular attention is given to the Communist Revolution and the developments in China since Mao’s death. Alternate years.

242
VIETNAM WAR AT HOME AND ABROAD
An examination of the impact of the Vietnam War on American society. Rather than focusing on traditional military history, this course investigates the diversity of perspectives and individual experiences among soldiers, civilians, families, and protestors during the war. Topics such as the impact of combat experiences on American soldiers, the anti-war movement, and the social and political legacy of the Vietnam War are explored. Alternate years.

246
AFRICA AND THE WORLD
An examination of major themes and developments in African history centered on relations between African nations and the rest of the world. Alternate years.

320
DIPLOMATIC HISTORY OF EUROPE SINCE 1789
A survey of the development of the European-states system and the relations between the European states since the beginning of the French Revolution. Prerequisite: HIST 116 or consent of instructor. Alternate years.

322
THE CRISIS OF LIBERALISM AND NATIONALISM: EUROPE 1848-1870
An in-depth investigation of the crucial “Middle Years” of 19th century Europe from the revolutions of 1848 through the unification of Germany. The course centers on the struggles for power within the major states of Europe at this time, and how the vehicle of nationalism was used to bring about one type of solution. Alternate years.

325
WOMEN IN HISTORY
An examination of the social, political, economic and intellectual experience of women in the Western World from ancient times to the present.

334
ORIGINS OF EUROPE
This course takes an in-depth look at the formative period of European civilization from the decline and fall of the Roman Empire to the formation, around the year 1000, of monarchies that resemble modern states. Important issues covered include the development and spread of early Christianity, the assumption of rule over Roman territory by barbarians, and the blending of Roman, Christian, and Germanic barbarian traditions into one European civilization.

336
CRUSADES: CONFLICT AND ACCOMMODATION
An intensive consideration of interactions between Muslims and Christians in the Middle Ages. Hostile and fruitful relations in Spain, warfare in the Holy Land, and the status of religious minorities are studied. In addition to the often violent relations between these major religious groups, this course addresses their intellectual, artistic, and literary developments as well as reciprocal influences.

338
RIGHTS, REFORM, AND PROTEST
An exploration of the evolution of social justice movements in American society.  This seminar examines interconnections between late-nineteenth- and twentieth-century protest movements such as suffrage, civil rights, women’s liberation, disabled rights, and gay liberation. Alternate years.

342
WOMEN AND REFORM
A study of the development and evolution of transnational women’s reform networks, exploring the particular challenges faced by women reformers and the role they played in shaping American society.  The seminar examines topics such as antislavery, temperance, woman’s suffrage, anti-lynching, club and urban reform movements. Alternate years.

401
THE MIDDLE AGES IN MODERN EYES
An in-depth study of medieval history by way of modern understandings of the period. The course focuses on academic interpretations, but also considers the Middle Ages in the popular imagination such as in film. Examination of the documents, literature, and art of the period constitutes the second major area of course assignments. Student work culminates in a major research project based on the study of translated primary sources. Prerequisite: HIST 115 or 212, or consent of instructor.

402
AGE OF JEFFERSON AND JACKSON
The theme of the course is the emergence of the political and social characteristics that shaped modern America. The personalities of Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, John Randolph, Aaron Burr, and Andrew Jackson receive special attention. Special consideration is given to the first and second party systems, the decline in community cohesiveness, the westward movement, and the growing importance of the family as a unit of social organization. Prerequisite: HIST 125 or consent of instructor. Alternate years.

403
FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON
An analysis of the political, social, and intellectual background of the French Revolution, a survey of the course of revolutionary development, and an estimate of the results of the Napoleonic conquests and administration. Prerequisite: HIST 115 or consent of instructor. Alternate years.

404
U.S. SINCE 1945
An in-depth study of historical understandings of American political, social, and intellectual developments in the years following World War II.  The course focuses primarily on academic interpretations, but also considers post-war America in the popular imagination, as represented by film, music, and literature.  Student work culminates in a major independent research project incorporating both primary and secondary source analysis.  Prerequisite: HIST 126 or consent of instructor. Alternate years.

248, 348 AND 448
HISTORY COLLOQUIUM
This non-credit but required course for students majoring in history offers students opportunities to meet for a series of occasional events, including methodology workshops and presentations by faculty, guest speakers, and departmental majors.  Students taking HIST 449 concurrently deliver formal presentations; those who have not yet taken HIST 449 develop research topic ideas.  A letter grade is assigned in a semester when a student gives a presentation.  Otherwise the grade is P/F.  History majors are required to successfully complete a minimum of three semesters of colloquium. HIST 449 is a co-requisite for HIST 448.

449
HISTORICAL METHODS
This course focuses on the nature and meaning of history. It opens to the student different historical approaches and provides the opportunity to explore these approaches in terms of particular topics and periods. Majors are required to enroll in this course in either their junior or senior year. Prerequisite: HIST 248 or 348 and one course from HIST 401, 402, 403, and 404, or consent of the instructor. Co-requisite: HIST 448.

470-479
INTERNSHIP (See index)
Typically, history interns work for local government agencies engaged in historical projects or for the Lycoming County Historical Museum.

N80-N89
INDEPENDENT STUDY (See index)
Recent topics include studies of the immigration of American blacks, political dissension in the Weimer republic, Indian relations before the American Revolution, and the history of Lycoming County.

490-491
INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See index)